Alexandria, often known as “Al-Iskandariya” in Arabic, held the celebrated title of capital of Egypt for nearly a millennium earlier than step by step dropping its significance.

In fashionable occasions, nevertheless, Alexandria has emerged as a chief vacation spot to discover when visiting the African continent. What distinctive experiences await you on this fascinating metropolis?

Uncover extra about Alexandria and its charms by means of our unique Egypt tour packages and thrilling Egypt Trip.

Alexandria, the second largest metropolis in Egypt after Cairo, is positioned on the Egyptian Mediterranean coast. Sometimes called the ‘Pearl of the Mediterranean’, Alexandria attracted many European entrepreneurs till 1952 with its wealth of points of interest, in depth sandy seashores, cultural festivals and temperate local weather.

Consequently, regardless of being solely 225km from Cairo, this port metropolis exudes a Mediterranean relatively than an Arab environment.

Historical past of the town

Town of Alexandria dates again to 322 BC when Alexander the Nice based it on the age of 25.

Located on the Mediterranean coast, the town of Alexandria served because the capital of Egypt through the Ptolemaic period till it will definitely misplaced its significance and place because the capital.

Alexander the Nice, after liberating Egypt from the Persian Empire, determined to construct a brand new metropolis linked by sea to his homeland of Macedonia. He selected the fishing village of Rhakotis, which had a pure harbor, and commissioned his architect, Deinocrates, to rework it into what we all know right this moment as the town of Alexandria. It’s price noting that Alexander was not allowed to be buried within the historical capital of Memphis, having rejected it in favor of constructing Alexandria.

Port of Alexandria.
Port of Alexandria.

What’s the metropolis of Alexandria well-known for?

The Lighthouse of the Pharaohs in Alexandria is famend as one of many Seven Wonders of the Historic World and the world’s first lighthouse. French archaeologists have uncovered over 3,300 fragments of the lighthouse, which at the moment are on show in Alexandria’s museums.

Constructed through the reign of Ptolemy II Philadelphus by the Ptolemaic Kingdom of historical Egypt, it stood at a staggering top of at the very least 100 meters (330 ft). For hundreds of years it held the title of the world’s tallest constructing till the Eiffel Tower was inbuilt 1889.

Though it now not exists as a result of harm from three main earthquakes, the stays of this historic landmark can nonetheless be admired underwater by means of scuba diving.

Curiously, nevertheless, components of Alexandria are actually underwater. The stays of Cleopatra’s palace, over 7,000 colossal statues, numerous gold and silver cash and numerous different artefacts which have surfaced all through historical past lie at depths of 8-15 meters under sea stage within the Abu Kir harbor basin. Recognizing their significance, the Egyptian authorities has made plans for an underwater museum the place divers can already marvel at these extraordinary discoveries.

Alexandria’s notable landmarks embrace the Qait Bay Fortress with its panoramic views of the town, the Greco-Roman Museum with its historical treasures, the catacombs generally known as Kom El-Shokafa, the towering Morsi Abu El-Abbas Mosque, a virtually 27 meter excessive Pompey’s Column and the Montazah Palace – as soon as King Farouk’s summer season residence – with its enchanting park.

The crowning glory of this vibrant metropolis is undoubtedly the Bibliotheca Alexandrina – the brand new library of Alexandria – and its accompanying cultural heart.

Mosaic of the ancient lighthouse of Alexandria.
Mosaic of the traditional lighthouse of Alexandria.

Structure of the town

Alexandria was initially divided into three distinct areas:

  • Rhakotis, which was the unique metropolis assimilated into Alexandria;
  • Brucheum, the opulent royal or Greek quarter;
  • and the Jewish area within the northeast.

Town boasted two outstanding colonnaded streets, every about 60 meters broad, which intersected within the coronary heart of Alexandria. Its strategic location between the Mediterranean and the Crimson Sea established it as a significant hub for commerce, making it one among Egypt’s most essential industrial facilities.

Finest time to go to

The perfect time to discover Alexandria is in autumn (late September to early November) and spring (March and April). At these occasions, the climate is pleasantly temperate, making it excellent for taking within the metropolis’s architectural wonders.

  • Travel Dudes

    I am certain you’ve got had comparable experiences I had while touring. You are in a sure place and a fellow traveler, or an area, tip you off on a little-known seashore, bar or lodging. Nice journey ideas from different vacationers or locals at all times add one thing particular to our travels. That was the inspiration for Journey Dudes.


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